Allen. A brilliant orator, Long made hundreds of campaign speeches among rural voters, expressing a vision for a new Louisiana in which government would be responsive to the needs of its people. Huey Long, "Share the Wealth," 1934 . One of Huey Long's major promises when he ran for Governor in 1928 was free: Textbooks for school children. In the face of entrenched opposition from the old guard, he launched an unprecedented program to build the state’s infrastructure and provide education and economic opportunity to the masses. Huey immediately pushed a number of bills through the legislature to fulfill his campaign promises, including a free textbook program for schoolchildren, night courses for adult literacy, and piping natural gas to New Orleans. Huey Long speaking to a rural crowd on the courthouse steps. Huey taxed oil operators to finance his free textbook program, provoking the wrath of Standard Oil, which launched an unsuccessful attempt to remove him from office. Huey Long grew up on a farm in the poorest part of Louisiana. The most lucrative one, the property tax, bore more heavily on the taxpayer of average or below-average means.". Having learned the value of showmanship during his salesman days, Huey dressed in his trademark white linen suits and presented himself as a country boy who never forgot his roots. Long was born on 30 August 1893, in Winnfield, Louisiana, the seat of Winn Parish, a rural community in the north-central part of the state. When the state’s newspapers uniformly aligned against him and his reforms, Huey blanketed the state with his own position papers to explain his programs to the people. At Huey’s inauguration, more than 15,000 supporters flocked to the capital to see one of their own take the oath as governor. Poor voters felt privileged that a candidate would take the trouble to court them. Few employees complained about the deducts, because jobs were scarce. Most families could not afford to purchase the textbooks required for their children to attend school. Long was revered by the masses as a champion of the common man and demonized by the powerful as a dangerous demagogue. Weiss, the story goes, was angry that Huey P. Long had orchestrated the ouster of his father-in-law, Benjamin Pavy, from a … Born, Winnfield, La., August 30, 1893; son of Huey Pierce Long, Sr., and Caledonia Tison. The public soon began to see the tangible results of a massive building program to modernize Louisiana. As the nation plunged into the Great Depression after the stock market crash of 1929, thousands of Louisianians were at work building the state’s new infrastructure. “…It is here under this oak where Evangeline waited for her lover, Gabriel, who never came. If nothing else, Huey Long was a fascinating character and one of the most unique politicians in American history. After a failed attempt by his opponents to remove him from office, Huey consolidated his power in the state and became known as the “Kingfish.”. Huey did not personally enrich himself with these funds and had surprisingly little money to his name when he was killed. Earl Kemp Long was an American politician and the 45th Governor of Louisiana, serving three nonconsecutive terms. (from the Dictionary of Louisiana Biography) LONG, Huey Pierce, governor, U. S. senator. A man of boundless energy, he pursued an exhaustive speaking schedule, often making five or more campaign stops a day. His campaign slogan in 1928 had been borrowed from a previous populist, William Jennings Bryan: ''Every man a king'~`. Huey Long shocked the political establishment by throwing the aristocracy out of power and building a mightier political machine than the one he toppled. Louisiana was run by the New Orleans-based political establishment, called the “Old Regulars,” who exercised total control of state government through the legislature and a network of local sheriffs and “courthouse rings.” These “machine politicians” enjoyed a mutually beneficial relationship with the wealthy planter class and large corporations and utilities, who were given free reign to profit off the state in return for their support. Your tears in this country, around this oak, have lasted for generations. In 1928, Huey Long ran again for Louisiana governor, campaigning with the slogan, “Every man a king,” a phrase adopted from populist hero William Jennings Bryan. All I care is what the boys at the fork of the creek think of me.”. Governor Huey P. Long. Read more quotes on Huey Long's political methods. His home was a haven of security, faith, and education, which provided him with all the fundamentals to succeed. According to historian T. Harry Williams, Long collected between $50,000 to $75,000 each election cycle from state employees, contrary to exaggerated reports that he collected a million dollars per year. According to historian T. Harry Williams, "Louisiana was known as a state that levied remarkably few taxes ... not enough to support the kind of program Huey envisioned. Huey lowered tuition and instituted scholarship programs that enabled poor students to attend. In 1930, Huey Long was elected as: This corporation was Huey Long's biggest enemy during his time in power: standard oil. He entertained crowds with a warm-up band, and then lobbed barbs at his “rascal” opponents to the delight of his fans. With each victory, he relished humiliating the "pie eating politicians" and reveled in his role as the people's champion. He promised Louisiana’s needy citizens good roads, bridges, free hospital care, free education, and lower property taxes. Huey Long won the governorship in 1928 without any machine backing, winning the Democratic primary because of his visceral connection with white rural voters. O.K. He fired and hired state employees at will, packed local governing boards with supporters, brow beat legislators to vote with him (or bribed them with jobs), passed scores of laws in rapid succession, reduced the powers of city governments that opposed him, and publicly ridiculed the old guard for their reactionary outrage. His support transcended the traditional Protestant-Catholic divide of Louisiana politics and replaced it with a new division between the “pro-Long” average citizens and the “anti-Longs” from the wealthy establishment that had been ousted from power. Courtesy of LSU Libraries Special Collections, Baton Rouge. Governor Huey P. Long. Give me the chance to dry the eyes of those who still weep here.”. In public, Huey P. Long boasted of his populist policy bona fides, hiding his well-to-do upbringing to convince Louisiana’s poor and working class … Huey Long, in full Huey Pierce Long, (born August 30, 1893, near Winnfield, Louisiana, U.S.—died September 10, 1935, Baton Rouge, Louisiana), flamboyant and demagogic governor of Louisiana and U.S. senator whose social reforms and radical welfare proposals were ultimately overshadowed by the unprecedented executive dictatorship that he perpetrated to ensure control of his home state. Senator on a platform of social reform and justice, all the while employing graft and corruption to get what he wanted. Life was hard in 1920s Louisiana, with little hope of advancement for a poor majority isolated by geography. Where are the roads and the highways that you send your money to build, that are no nearer now than ever before? Huey Long was a high-school dropout from Louisiana who made it into law school, studied for only one year before passing the bar exam, and was eventually elected governor of Louisiana. below). Former Democratic Governor of Louisiana Earl Long, portrayed by Paul Newman in this picture, was the uncle of Democratic U.S. (known as the Round Robin) U. S. Senator Long After only 2 years as Louisiana's Governor, Huey … Always the music lover, Huey wrote a catchy campaign song, “Every Man a King”, that summarized his share-the-wealth philosophy: “Every man a king, for you can be a millionaire — but there's something belonging to others — there's enough for all people to share.”. Click below to hear Huey Long Campaign Song . The alliance guaranteed support for Long’s programs and candidates in exchange for major structural improvements in New Orleans. Louisiana employed 22,000 men just to build the roads — ten percent of the nation's highway workers. Dirt roads and abundant water hazards made travel and commerce difficult. It was the perfect combination to foster self-confidence and compassion in a precocious boy. Huey served as governor from 1928-1932 and was US Senator from 1930 until 1932 when he was assassinated in the state capitol building. Senator (1932 – 1935). Huey’s revolutionary campaign and victory toppled the corrupt political establishment that had ruled since the French. Long, known as "Uncle Earl", connected with voters through his folksy demeanor and colorful oratory. Huey Pierce Long, Jr. (August 30, 1893 – September 10, 1935), known as "The Kingfish," was a Louisiana governor (1928 – 1932) and U.S. Louisiana's total government operating costs (state and local) were $41.97 per capita - third-lowest among the 24 states that kept such records. Sixty percent of the state’s two million citizens lived in rural conditions with only the bare necessities. See the reverse for Long’s 22-point platform. Where are the institutions to care for the sick and disabled? In his 1928 campaign for governor, he covered 15,000 miles on Louisiana's dirt roads and made 600 speeches. Huey Long's plan to redistribute the wealth; Every person should be guaranteed at least a $2000 annual income and all income over $1 million would be taxed at 100% percent; advocated for old-age pensions, money for a college education, and veterans benefits Courtesy of the Louisiana Political Museum & Hall of Fame. Among its hallmarks was its rank as the tallest capitol building in the U.S. * Some of Long's programs were completed by his successor, Gov. Louisiana had the third-lowest cost of government in the nation while providing unprecedented services to its people. Unidentified. He expanded the campus, tripled enrollment, and built LSU into one of the best schools in the South and the eleventh largest state university in the country. Rural audiences loved Huey’s sense of humor and the memorable nicknames he invented to poke fun at his opponents. He came from a large, comfortable family in a small, close-knit community. Evangeline wept bitter tears in her disappointment, but it lasted only through one lifetime. A legal genius, Huey used the law to his advantage without breaking it. Huey became known as “the Kingfish” in Louisiana, after a character in the radio show “Amos ‘n’ Andy” who headed a fraternal order called the “Mystic Knights of the Sea.” After winning his Senate seat, Huey explained his nickname by saying, “I'm a small fish here in Washington, but I'm ‘the Kingfish’ to the folks down in Louisiana.”. 'Our Next Governor' Huey P. Long campaign card. In later campaigns, Huey used sound trucks to amplify his voice to the far reaches of the huge crowds he attracted, and he used radio speeches to reach a state-wide audience. Politics in 1920s Louisiana was a dirty business dominated by influence peddling and cronyism. Huey Pierce Long, Jr. (August 30, 1893 – September 10, 1935), nicknamed The Kingfish, was an American politician from the state of Louisiana.A Democrat, he was noted for his radical populist policies.He served as Governor of Louisiana from 1928 to 1932 and as a U.S. senator from 1932 to 1935. Meanwhile, Louisiana was widely regarded as the most backward state in the nation. When opponents blocked Huey’s bills in the 1930 legislative session, he responded by running for the U.S. Senate as a referendum on his progams. He attended local schools, where he was an excellent stu… While in … Huey Long first entered politics as the Governor of Louisiana in 1928. To fulfill his mandate, Long mastered the patronage system his opponents had created, and he out-politicked them at every turn. In the 1930s, Long oversaw construction of a new state capitol building, four blocks from the Heidelberg Hotel. He captivated his audiences with his intellect and humor and could speak for hours without notes. Huey Long is inaugurated as Governor Source: LSU Special Collection Upon his election to the Governor’s seat, he immediately began to reform the state’s bureaucracy installing his supporters in all major offices of the Louisiana state government. Comte, Natale M. (Aritist) O n the eve of the Great Depression, Louisiana politics increasingly came to be dominated by the powerful persona of Governor-turned-Senator Huey Long and his minions. Louisiana was stirring … The trappers and fishermen of the bayous, the Cajun farmers of the south and the redneck farmers of the hill parishes, the sharecroppers and tenants everywhere, and the laborers in the towns and the small businessmen in the villages … Now suddenly a champion had appeared to them, one who promised to lead them to a better life …”. Huey employed many of his predecessors’ tactics to get his programs passed; however, he never received the corporate and media support that the “Old Regular” politicians enjoyed. Long created the Share Our Wealth program in 1934, which proposed new wealth redistribution … Huey Long shakes hands with constituents on the courthouse steps. He refused to take the usual bribes offered by business in exchange for their support, and he was frequently in need of cash to print circulars and travel the state to advocate for his programs and combat negative press. Education was a luxury few could afford. It was there that his tyrannical characteristics and flamboyant lifestyle became evident to the public. Senator Russell Long, and the brother of another Democratic Governor and U.S. In 1928, Huey P. Long was elected governor, establishing himself as one of the state's most colorful characters. Unsalaried, part-time legislators received jobs and cash for doing the bidding of the corporations. The poll tax hindered the lower classes from voting, and the poor paid disproportionately high property taxes for state services they never received. Upon his election, Huey transformed the state bureaucracy, installing supporters in every level of government and often placing a premium on competence over cronyism. He emerged as a major figure in the populistmovement, defined both by the exceptional charisma of powerful leaders who don't like to share power and a deep passion for the plight of the working class. Huey attracted huge crowds with his fiery speeches, and his appearances became the talk of the state. Governor Huey Long was elected Governor of Louisiana in 1928 by the largest margin in the state’s history. Huey Long (1893-1935) was Louisiana's legendary populist Governor, U.S. Courtesy of LSU Libraries Special Collections, Baton Rouge. He served for 39 years. "Everything I did, I've had to do with one hand because I've had to fight with the other hand," he said. Huey’s revolutionary campaign and victory toppled the corrupt political establishment that had ruled since the French. Huey's son, Russell B. Senator and favorite son. Opponents accused Long's administration of graft and overspending, when in fact he ran a fiscally tight ship. Huey was in a hurry to get things done and passed scores of laws that enabled him to enact his programs. Favorites included “Turkey Head” Walmsley, “Whistle Britches” Rightor, “Shinola” Phelps, and “Feather Duster” Ransdell. Long, was elected to the U.S. Senate the same year and went on to become one of the most powerful senators in American history. The president of the Senate, Alvin O. King,a supporter of Long, took the office of lieutenant governor as succession dictates. 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